Text Box: A practical option for addressing 
the issue of stack gas CO2 conversion:
ThyssenKrupp’s “Carbon2Chem” process
Text Box: Typical  CCUS  Retrofit  Thermal  Plant Elements
Text Box: NETL 2018 Carbon Capture 
Technology Compendium  (46 MB)
Text Box: An essential facility design parameter standard for securing CCUS power plant insurability:
ISO TC265
Text Box: ISO 27919-1 CO2 capture performance evaluation standard  and ISO TC265 CCS, WG1 

Source: The International CCS Knowledge Centre. Reproduced and distributed on an as is basis with the permission of the Knowledge Centre.
Text Box: Power plant stack emission plume
mapping and tracking
Text Box: Long Range Stack Gas Dispersal
Metrication

ISC3 EPA Stack Plume 
Dispersal Modeling

1976 Basic Handbook of 
Plume Monitoring Methods

USAF Base Arnold likewise has empirically-derived modeling tools (including chemical) which indicate where emissions go and what they do. 
Text Box: NETL Carbon Capture Modeling Overview

Optimal Scheduling and Control of CO2 Capture Systems

Process Engineering  Design For CCS/CCUS

GE Gas Turbines for CCS/CCUS

Optimization of CCS/CCUS  Engineering Systems
Text Box: Archive of technical papers #1. for empirically modeling  causality chains, celestial body acoustic resonance and for addressing simultaneity issues in complex  spheroidal surface 4-D fluid flow phenomena, to include weather systems both global and regional.  Such mathematical concerns are also an integral part of industrial process predictive and real-time financial and operations simulation design.
Text Box: My consultancy’s brochure
Text Box: Representative technical trade journal articles itemizing the benefits of at-source carbon emissions conversion based upon the German “Chempark” system for creating self-financing employment and training “Opportunity Zones”  may be viewed here.
american flag animationText Box: This Website provides power plant & CCS/CCUS technical archives available free of charge for downloading as a professional courtesy.   

Click here  for the full archive index. 

Please preface the desired document’s  name with this site’s URL and a forward slash then hit RETURN.
Text Box: All data on this site is available  through Google Scholar,  SciHub (Asia), and through the online graduate libraries of Drexel University, Monash University of Australia and Aalto University of Finland.  
Text Box: Global CCS/CCUS Database
From a strictly commercial point of view, carbon dioxide capture  and storage has been ongoing since 1972 with the advent of EOR (enhanced oil recovery).  With the advent of the Wittemann process in 1874 for beverage and chemical applications is when CO2 capture initiated as an independent industry.   The shell-and-tube heat exchanger refrigeration method is and remains the predominant method for capturing carbon dioxide  commercially and requires no rights licensing to design and build such an array using the services of  a registered professional engineer in hydrocarbon engineering. 

It is therefore my formal recommendation for you to identify the CCS/CCUS facility nearest you for technical advice prior to your utility or firm engaging in such activities. There is always room for new carbon dioxide industrial-grade suppliers.

CLICK HERE FOR A COMPREHENSIVE LISTING OF CCS/CCUS FACILITIES.  When the page opens, click on the “Facilities” dropdown menu to view  the “Facilities Report.”
Text Box: PENTAIR’S SUBSIDIARY, UNION ENGINEERING OF DENMARK, HAS DESIGNED AND INSTALLED OVER 900 CO2 CAPTURE UNITS  WORLDWIDE  SINCE 1933 AND ARE PROUD OWNERS OF THE WITTEMANN PROCESS
Text Box: GASWORLD MAGAZINE’S
CO2 Zone

Power Plant Marketing Review

CCS/CCUS  Academic Training

Text Box: United States Energy Association provides the following list of academic curriculae to promulgate knowledge respecting technology and procedures associated with CCS/CCUS.    For full details, please click here.

Powerplant Financial Simulation Models

Text Box: IGCC Coal to Electricity
Text Box: Commercial Assessment  of Power Plants
Text Box: Gerdes Final Report NETL
Text Box: CBTL Final Report NETL
Text Box: Coal & NG to  Electricity
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 1.
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 2.
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 3.
Text Box: Coal-Derived Syngas to Hydrogen 4.
Text Box: IGCC Fossil Energy to Liquids via F-T  Synth
Text Box: Coal to SNG and Ammonia
Text Box: IGCC Natural Gas to Electricity
Text Box: IGCC Bituminous Coal to Electricity
Text Box: Coal to Syngas & Ammonia Presentation
Text Box: PB Coal and NG to Electricity

Mechanical Estimating

Training and Certification

Manufacturing Cost Estimation, Process Scheduling, Tracking

and EPM Systems Software

Mechanical Estimating

Software & Consulting

Text Box: Current global listing 
of municipal waste-to-energy power generating facilities
Text Box: Hydropower design and engineering handbook
Courtesy of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

PLUS  
Complimentary textbooks, project development opportunities, and optimum power plant construction funding options
Please click here.
Text Box: Please click here to view a postwar-era UK chart which shows the range of  products which were and can be made through MSW-plus-coal gasification.  In conjunction with today’s emissions control technology, this gasification process provides a near-zero carbon output option for dealing with suburban and municipal trash.  The document from whence the above chart derives, the Parsons-Brinckerhoff history of UK coal gasification from the 18th century to the 1960’s, is given here.

Coal provides for a stable burn at a cost 1/3 that of natural gas  with the ash processed for roadbed and other civil engineering applications.  The resultant consistent flow of CO + H2 (syngas) provides for chemical manufacture using processes many of which were developed successfully over a century ago and at a price point which is highly competitive with conventional natural gas & petroleum refinery processes.  

The periodical  “Waste Management World” showcases new arrays being built worldwide to serve as a practical & profit-generating mode for disposal of, amongst other trash, plastic waste.  

At some point in the near future, this technique may be modified to allow of biological pathogen disposal plants and their resultant sludge cost-effectively.  

The zero-emissions option best suited IMO is plasma gasification as pioneered by Plasco Conversion Technologies as shown here.  As ever in the development of Western technologies, it appears that patent rights wars are holding up further development.  As shown, the excess heat from drying & combustion is used to make steam for power generation and for the execution of chemical manufacture.  Coal as ever is the optimum thermal substrate which makes of continuous feed and stable combustion a  practical, “no drama” and cost-effective process. 

There is otherwise no further reason nor excuse for universal humanity, no matter how wealthy or poor, to continue  drinking nor bathing in their own excrement,  thereby perpetuating the recurrence of plagues such as we experience now and which effluvia is presently flavored with scrumptuous pass-through psychomeds and antibiotics.    Bon appétit!

A research grant to the American Water Works Association to craft such a prototype array as described above is the way forward.   

At present in the USA, there are approximately 200 sewage sludge incineration plants neutralizing 14% of total annual sewage volume, 40% of treated sludge is spread on agricultural and silvicultural land as soil reclamation and fertilizer supplements while the balance enters our rivers, lakes and aquifers.

Your tapwater filter medium is made from coal.

Text Box: Please click here to access the
	document archive page pertaining to clean water and wastewater technologies  for biomass, coal and MSW co-fired power plant design, performance, economics and theory
Text Box: Archive of technical papers #2.  discusses  empirically modeling  causality chains, Prigogene & Frenkel quantum and chaos theories, Langlands automorphic geometric theory and a Lyapunov systems equilibrium overview presented in basic expressions, plus how all of #1. and #2. archives taken as a whole address quantum–base real-world cosmologies  to include on both a biochemical and astrophysical scale,  AI and quantum computing.   Dr. Bishop’s enclosed “Austin-Brussels” papers 1. and 2. are the keys to this treasure-house of practical knowledge which also applies to plant operations real-time and predictive cost control.

In addition are enclosed instructions so as to convert a standard PC to run in machine-learning & cortical processing  mode using memristors or “thermodynamic RAM” as well as (2) industry-creating papers by Professors Molter and Nugent  on the topic of post-von Neumann based AI-driven operational analysis. 

You too can be the next Professors Rachel Rosen, Lee Smolin, Vera Rubin or Tarski:  just add hard work, effective learning practice, a sense of humour and goodwill...and luck.

The database  from which the following powerplant financial simulation models  are derived is a product of the application of principles found in these two archives.  For current related powerplant AI projects, please see the Website GROUNDAI.com.

22 MB .zip file